Mach Number Calculator is a free online tool for calculating Mach numbers. The Mach number calculator tool speeds up the process by displaying the Mach number in the surrounding media in a fraction of a second.
What is Mach Number? | Formula for Mach Number
Sound travels at various rates in various mediums and at various temperatures. That speed is compared to an object's speed. The Mach number is defined as the ratio of an object's speed to the speed of sound. The Mach number is a quantity that has no dimensions. The Mach number equation can be written as follows: M = v / c,
- Where, v is the objects speed
- c is the sound's speed.
For more concepts check out physicscalculatorpro.com to get quick answers by using this free tool.
How do you Calculate Mach Number?
Follow the steps below to calculate Mach Number:
- From the list on the right, select the appropriate units for speed. You can also use our speed converter if you need assistance with converting.
- Enter the object speed and sound speed.
- The Mach number calculator will now display the Mach number for the specified object.
Speeds of Subsonic and Supersonic
|Mach number range||Type of flow||Type of objects||Common examples|
|0.8||Subsonic||Passenger aircraft and Helicopters||Dornier 228, Boeing 747-400, Airbus A330-300|
|0.8-1.2||Transonic||Military trainers||M346 Master, T45 Goshawk, B-1B Lancer|
|1.2-5.0||Supersonic||Military aircraft||MiG 21 Fishbed, F 16 Fighting Falcon, Mirage 2000H|
|5.0-10.0||Hypersonic||Ballistic missiles, experimental vehicles||Bramhos-II, NASA X15|
Mach Number Calculation Example
Question 1: Calculate the Mach number for a plane travelling at 1300 km/h. Given a sound speed of 233 m/s.
Consider the problem, we have
Travelling speed 1300 km/h
Sound speed of 233 m/s
The Mach number equation can be written as follows: M = v / c.
M = 361.11 / 233
M = 1.55
Therefore, The Mach number is 1.55
FAQs on Mach Number Calculator
1. What is Mach number?
The Mach number is defined as the ratio of an object's speed to the speed of sound. The Mach number is a quantity that has no dimensions.
2. What is the equation of Mach number?
The Mach number equation can be written as follows: M = v/c
- v is the objects speed
- c is the sounds speed
3. What is the formula for calculating Mach Speed?
The ratio of the vehicles velocity (V) divided by the speed of sound at that altitude (a) is the Mach number (M).