Density Altitude Calculator

The ICAO International Standard Atmosphere standard conditions are used by an online density altitude calculator to determine the effective altitude of your plane. For airplane engines and aerodynamic performance, this is critical information. Find everything about the definition of density altitude, the density altitude formula, and how to utilize our air density altitude calculator all explained clearly in the further modules of this article.

What is Density Altitude?

Another technique to indicate air density is density altitude, which is mostly utilized by pilots in the aviation business. Air density has a big influence on engine performance and aerodynamic lift. If there isn't enough, the engine won't be able to give enough forward thrust, and the wings won't be able to provide enough lift, resulting in a bumpy flight.

The altitude estimated using the ICAO International Stand Atmosphere (ISA) model is known as density altitude (ICAO stands for the International Civil Aviation Organization). The air temperature is set to 15 °C (59 °F), the air pressure is set to 1013.25 mb (29.921 inHg), the relative humidity is set to 0%, and the air density is set to 1.225 kg/m3 (0.076474 lb/ft3) at zero height.

Density Altitude Formula

The density altitude calculation formula uses only one variable, air density ρ in kg/m3, to calculate the density altitude (or geopotential altitude) H in km: H = 44.3308 - 42.2665 * ρ^0.234969

The constants in the equation above are obtained from the constants provided in the previous part of the ISA model.

We can now apply the equation: to determine the air density at a given dry air pressure, water vapor pressure (i.e., humidity), and temperature using Omni's air density calculator.

ρ = (Pd / (Rd * T)) + (Pv / (Rv * T))


  • Pd = pressure of dry air in Pascals;
  • Pv = water vapor pressure in Pascals;
  • T = air temperature in Kelvins;
  • Rd = specific gas constant (For dry air = 287.058 J/(kg·K)
  • Rv = specific gas constant (For water vapor = 461.495 J/(kg·K).

From the atmospheric temperature and relative humidity, the water vapor pressure Pv may be determined using the equation: Pv = RH * 6.1078 * 10^[7.5 * T / (T + 237.3)]

The combination of the dry air pressure and the water vapor pressure is the actual air pressure: P = Pd + Pv

We can compute the air pressure with the help of weather reports. To accurately measure the air pressure, we'll need an altimeter setting and weather station elevation from an aviation weather report. The value in an altimeter's Kollsman window is the altimeter setting. It is used to compensate for fluctuations in air pressure caused by weather on a plane's altimeter.

The air pressure can be calculated using the following equation based on the altimeter setting and weather station height: P = (AS^0.190263 - (8.417286*10^-5 * h))^1/0.190263

  • Where: P = air pressure, in millibars (mb);
  • AS = altimeter setting (mb); 
  • h = weather station elevation (m).

Become familiar with plenty of similar concepts of physics along with well designed calculator tools complementing the concept on a trusted reliable portal for all your needs.

How do you Calculate Density Altitude?

Let us now go over the basic procedures of utilizing an online density altitude calculator to compute your density altitude.

  • Step 1: Enter the temperature of the outside air.
  • Step 2: The next step is to determine the amount of moisture in the air. Depending on which one you know, you can enter the dewpoint temperature or relative humidity. It's important to remember that the dew point can't be higher than the temperature, and the relative humidity can't be higher than 100%.
  • Step 3: Set your altimeter to the desired setting. This value can be found in a recent weather report. Use the weather station's value as a starting point.
  • Step 4: Enter the weather station's elevation from the same weather report.
  • Step 5: After that, you'll get a result for your density altitude.
  • Step 6: We also calculate the relative density, air density, and absolute air pressure, ensuring that you have all of the information you require.
  • Step 7: For your present pressure altitude, you'll also get a graph of temperature vs. density altitude.

FAQs on Density Altitude Calculator

1. What effect does density altitude have on a flight?

Due to the fact that high-density altitude has a negative impact on aircraft performance. It reduces lift and affects propeller efficiency, resulting in a reduction in thrust. The engine's power output can likewise be reduced by a high-density altitude.

2. What is the definition of density altitude? 

One of the most important factors impacting airplane performance is the density of air caused by atmospheric conditions, which is referred to as density altitude. Less dense air reduces the amount of lift created by the wings, lowering power output and reducing propeller effectiveness.

3. What is the effect of density altitude on true airspeed?

As you gain altitude, the density of the air reduces (fewer molecules) and the pressure lowers, resulting in a decrease in IAS. Because the speed of light passing through the molecules is constant, TAS remains constant.

4. What effect does the density altitude have on stall speed?

As the density of the air falls with altitude, an aerofoil must generate more lift to maintain flight, therefore the actual air velocity at which an aerofoil will stall will increase.